Treatment of Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is an inflammatory condition that affects the tissues supporting your teeth, including the gums and the bone. It can lead to serious complications if left untreated, such as gum recession and tooth loss.

Here are some key points about periodontal disease:

  1. Causes and Symptoms:
    • Poor oral hygiene is a common cause of gum disease. However, some individuals are more prone to it even with proper brushing and flossing.
    • Symptoms may include:
      • Reddish or purplish gums
      • Bleeding gums
      • Soreness
      • Bad breath (halitosis)
      • Unpleasant taste
      • Pain when chewing
      • Gum recession (gums pulling away from teeth)
      • Loose teeth
      • Changes in how teeth fit together
  1. Stages of Gum Disease:
    • Gingivitis: The earliest stage, characterized by red, puffy gums that may bleed during brushing or flossing. Gingivitis is reversible with proper treatment and doesn’t involve bone loss.
    • Mild Periodontitis: Bacteria penetrate beneath the gums, affecting the supporting bone. Pockets form around the teeth, where plaque and bacteria accumulate.
    • Moderate Periodontitis: Untreated, bacteria erode ligaments, soft tissues, and bone holding teeth in place. Bad breath and pus around the gum line may occur.
    • Advanced Periodontitis: Severe bone and tissue loss, leading to gum recession and potential tooth loss.
  1. Prevention Strategies:

Brush and Floss Regularly: Daily oral hygiene is crucial. Brush at least twice a day and floss daily to remove bacteria causing gum disease.

Regular Dental Checkups: Visit your dentist at least once a year for checkups. More frequent visits are recommended if you have risk factors or warning signs.

Remember, prevention is key to maintaining healthy gums and preserving your smile!